Saturday, November 12, 2016

Logical Fallacies

Here is a link to a website that lists a large number of logical fallacies.  Have fun with it.

Some examples follow.
Affirmative Conclusion from a Negative Premise

No people under the age of 66 are senior citizens.
No senior citizens are children.
Therefore, all people under the age of 66 are children.

Gambler's Fallacy

I have flipped heads five times in a row.  As a result, the next flip will probably be tails.

Fallacy of the Undistributed Middle

All lions are animals.
All cats are animals.
Therefore, all lions are cats.

Negative Conclusion from Affirmative Premises

All cats are animals.
Some pets are cats.
Therefore, some pets are not animals.

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